Gobu was a place of the largest rice production and a concentration center for agricultural products.
In addition, it had rich seafood since it was located near the western coast.
This means that feudal exploitation and economic evasion by Japan were more severe here then any other place in Joseon.
Jo ByeongGap, Gobu Governor at that time, exploited people using various methods in addition to those widespread corrupt practices of utilizing three basic systems.
One example was the water tax that he collected on the excuse of building a Manseokbo.
But as the crop harvest was bad in 1893, over 40 farmers went to the Gobu Office to ask for the reduction of water tax, Jo ByeongGap arrested some of the leaders for the reason that they triggered good-natured people to rise in an uprising.
People were just panic-stricken by this and 20 or more including Jeon BongJun gathered at the house of Song JunHo (Juksan Village at Singjun-ri, Gobu) and drew up a plan to execute the corrupt officials including the Gobu Governor, Jo ByeongGap, occupy Jeonju Castle and then move forward to Hanyang. But this plan was not executed as planned because Jo ByeongGap, the first target of their attack, was transferred to Iksan on November 30.
Then about five people in a row were appointed as the next Gobu Governor but all of them failed to take the position due to the manipulation by Jo ByeongGap who wanted to be transferred back to Gobu.
At last on January 9, 1894, Jo ByeongGap was appointed to Gogu Governor again to bring misfortune himself.