Choe JeU, founder of Donghak was executed at the gallows in Daegu by the feudal government who claimed that "he disrupted the world and spread a wrong theory that deluded people.
And he also gathered people to start an uprising."
Donghak was totally banned and believers were cracked down.
And the public was exploited ever more. Despite the serious crackdown, Donghak spread further down to the southern areas of Joseon and it was so much so that people started to ask the government to legally recognize Donghak.
And this is called "a movement of asking for a government recognition of Donghak".
After the gathering at Gongju was disbanded without getting a tangible result, thousands of people gathered at Samrye in Jeollanam Province on November 3, 1892 and hold meetings for over 10 days.
And the people at the gathering voluntarily scattered after a letter from the Jeolla-Do Governor, Lee KyeongJik, came saying that "official recognition of Donghak is beyond my authority but I will ban the exploitation of the local government officials".
Thousands of people voluntarily gathered at Jangnae-ri, Boeun, Chungcheong-Do at early December 1892. Leaders of the northern wing of Donghak suggested an appeal to the king by a small number of representatives not by the large number of general farmers.
So on February 8, 1893, over 40 representatives gathered in front of Gate Gwangwha and made appeal in a prostration position to the king for three days straight in a row.
To this, King Gojong responded in a letter saying that "go back to your home and do your daily business for life.
Then I will do as you wish." So the north wing stopped the joint appeal and disbanded. Meanwhile, while the joint appeal was still going on, farmers belonging to the south wing went up to Seoul (then called Hanyang) to put posters calling for dispelling foreign powers on the walls of foreign legation or churches.
On March 11, 1893, a throng after another gathered to Boeun, Chungcheong-Do from Jeolla, Kyeongsang, Chungcheong, Kyeonggi, Gangwon, etc.
At the gathering of tens of thousands of people, anti-foreign power slogan showed up as well.
Dismayed by this, the government tried to subdue them with Eoh YunJeong as the head of government force. Eoh YunJeong met the leaders of north wing such as Choe SiHyeong and Son ByeongHi on April 1, 1893 to deliver king's message for disbanding. Deeply impressed, the north promised to scatter voluntarily.
But this kind of compromise angered the public farmers, and the leaders of the north wing mentioned above left the gathering at night.
While the gathering at Boeun was withering, another gathering at Yonpyeong led by Jeon BongJun went ahead in a passionate mood.
But as the Boeun gathering did not make a good progress, the plan to march onward to Hanyang combining all the passion at Wonpyoung and Boeun was scrapped.